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Biocontrol Reference Center

IPM DEFINED AND THE IPM PROCESS

Courtesy of the International Pest Management Institute.
Currie Enterprises

"Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the coordinated use of pest and environmental information with available pest management methods to prevent unacceptable levels of pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people and the environment. The goal of the IPM approach is to manage pests and the environment so as to balance costs, benefits, human health and environmental quality. IPM systems utilize a high quantity and quality of technical information on the pest and its interaction with the environment (site). Because IPM programs apply a holistic approach to pest management decision making, they take advantage of all low risk management options, emphasizing natural biological methods, and the appropriate use of selective pesticides. IPMI's strategies incorporate environmental considerations by emphasizing pest management measures that minimize intrusion on natural bio-diversity eco-systems. Thus IPM is:

  • A system utilizing multiple methods,
  • A decision making process,
  • A risk reduction system,
  • Information intensive,
  • Biologically based,
  • Cost effective, and
  • Site specific."

Unlike any single method or tactic of pest control, an IPM approach to pest management employs a combination of tactics, including sanitation, monitoring, habitat modification, and the judicious use of pesticides only when necessary.

IPM is particularly suited to the pest management needs of schools and other structures and surroundings. It involves a multi-step approach that reduces the exposure of children and adults to potentially hazardous pesticides and provides low-cost, effective pest management in the long term. Unnecessary, repeated applications of pesticides are avoided to achieve long-term management of pests - the likelihood of pests developing a resistance to pesticides is reduced. The best available technical information about the pest and its interaction with the surroundings is employed with IPM, and careful attention is devoted to sanitation, maintenance and non-pesticidal and pesticidal methods of pest management.

Thus, you can see that IPM is a decision making process that utilizes multiple methods, provides a risk reduction system, is information intensive, cost effective, and site specific.


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