Frequently Asked Questions about NoLo Bait
- Will NoLo Bait hurt my dog, cat, birds or other pets?
No. The active disease organism in NoLo Bait is host-specific to grasshoppers and Mormon crickets which are actually a species of grasshopper. Any other non-target insect, bird or mammal that ingest the bait or eats an infected grasshopper will not be affected. The disease organism will pass through their digestive system without being active.
- Why is the label so formidable in appearance?
NoLo Bait is registered with the EPA in the category of insecticide. CAUTION labels are the category of insecticide product labels that are the lowest in toxicity, which is the category that NoLo Bait is placed in. Because it is an EPA registered product the label must contain standardized label headings and wording such as "Precautionary Statements" and Hazards to Human and Domestic Animals", etc.
- How should I apply NoLo Bait?
NoLo Bait is a dry, flaky wheat bran bait. Any dry spreader such as a "Whirly Bird" spreader or application by hand broadcasting can be used.
- How fast does it work?
NoLo Bait is a long-term suppression product. You are buying a naturally occurring disease, specific to grasshoppers, that interferes with normal reproduction and feeding over time. Successive use over the years will result in fewer and fewer eggs being laid and surviving to hatch in the spring. It is not meant to be a fast acting agent in most cases. The exception to this rule is in the case of very young grasshoppers. First instar or new hatchlings will die quickly, usually within a day or two of eating it.
- How can I tell it is working?
When you inoculate your area with the disease, the very young that ingest it will die quickly. It cam be hard to tell what happened if there is another hatch soon after those die or if new grasshoppers migrate into the area and replace those that recently dies. Then grasshoppers that are 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch long become infected, as the disease builds in their bodies they will not die quickly, but will exhibit noticeable abnormal characteristics such as:
- Their eyes will become a cloudy white color instead of being dar brown-black in appearance.
- The abdomen will become a creamy white color in heavily infected individuals.
- They will only hop when forced to, often falling to their side when landing and after righting themselves will sit unmoving until forced to hop again.
- Dead grasshoppers can be found clinging to stalks of grass. usually they will show signs of having been fed upon by other grasshoppers as grasshoppers are very attracted to consuming infected "sick" individuals.
- How much should I put out and how often?
The minimum application rate is 1.0 pound per acre, per application. This is based on grasshopper densities of eight (8) grasshoppers per square yard. NoLo Bait can be applied as often as every few days to once a week and cn be concentrated in areas of heaviest grasshopper ingestion. In heavy infestation years, one pound per acre will not offer enough bait for all the grasshoppers to even ingest one flake, making multiple applications and heavier concentrations of NoLo Bait desireable.
- What time of day is best to apply NoLo Bait?
Morning or late afternoon is best. Avoid applying it when rain is forecast within the next 4 to 6 hours or if dew is still present on the grass.
- Where should I apply NoLo Bait?
Along the perimeter of your yard or property, and anywhere there is tall grass or along weedy ditch banks is a good place to apply. In areas where sensitive plants are present such as gardens or flower beds it is best to make bait stations to hold the bait instead of broadcasting the bait directly on the plants. This will help you avoid drawing grasshoppers into the area as they are attracted to the bait, while allowing those already present in the garden to feed on it. Bait stations can be made form anything that will protect the bait from the sun and rain. Some people use tin cans such as green bean can and cut both ends out so that it is like a tube. The can is laid on its side in the shade and bait is kept inside free-choice for grasshoppers to feed on.
- How does water affect Nolo bait?
Water does not harm the disease spore, however the wheat bran will become soggy and unattractive to the grasshoppers.